Welcome to the FOCAL archive

The Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL) is no longer in operation. This website documents FOCAL's activities and accomplishments throughout its existence. Thank you for your interest in the work of FOCAL.

Mapping the Media in the Americas

The media play an increasingly important role in democratic societies in the Americas, yet the ownership of media outlets is often little known.

FOCAL's Mapping the Media in the Americas project provided interactive, online maps of media ownership in 12 countries in the Americas alongside data on election results, political finance and demographics. Maps of Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Uruguay were created.

The Mapping the Media in the Americas project was launched in 2004 to foster transparency around the role and connection of media and democracy and provide information that would facilitate further research and investigation. It concluded in 2007, with institutions in Canada and Latin America adopting the maps to ensure they are updated and remain useful tools for analysts and policy-makers. FOCAL worked with the Latin American Research Centre of the University of Calgary and the Instituto Prensa y Sociedad (IPYS) on this project.

Selected research conducted using the Media in the Americas Maps:

A GIS Broadcast Coverage Prediction Model for Transmitted FM Radio Waves in Peru
Carmen ReMartinez
March 2009

The Development of Barriadas & Access to Medical Services in Lima, Peru
Jeff Wielki
March 2009

Project Publications:

How-To Manual No. 3: Data Gathering Core Date for the Interactive Maps
Chantal Hansen
June 2008

Example of Mapping Analysis: Canada
Brett Wiens
June 2008

Mapping the Media: How-To Manual No. 2: Temporal Analysis
Chantal Hansen
March 2008

FOCALPoint Special Edition: Media and Democracy in the Americas
February 2008

Mapping the Media: How-To Manual No. 1: Visual and Overlay Analysis
Chantal Hansen
November 2007

Mapping the Media: Publicity Flyer
November 2007

Mapping the Media in the Americas: A Tool for Exploring Media and Democracy
Laurie Cole and Chantal Hansen
August 2007


A View of the Hemisphere



Explore the link between governance and development.