Welcome to the FOCAL archive

The Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL) is no longer in operation. This website documents FOCAL's activities and accomplishments throughout its existence. Thank you for your interest in the work of FOCAL.

Summit of the Americas


Project publications:

Washington, D.C.
January 2009

How to Judge the 2009 Summit of the Americas
Peter Hakim, Inter-American Dialogue

Will There Be Another Summit of the Americas? A Case for Reform
Carlo Dade, Canadian Foundation for the Americas

The Benefits of Implementing Trade Facilitation Measures in the Hemisphere: A Regional Forum
Denise Gregory, Centro Brasileiro de Relações Internacionais (CEBRI)

Private Sector Participation in Inter-American Summitry: From Inputs to Outputs
Richard Feinberg, University of California, San Diego

Now More than Ever:   The Case for a New Integration Strategy for the Americas
Nancy Lee, Center for Global Development

Human Prosperity Faces New Challenges
Nora Lustig, George Washington University

Reproductive Health as an Essential Component of Human Prosperity
Carmen Barroso, International Planned Parenthood Federation, Western Hemisphere Region

Energy for the Hemisphere: Reflections on the Energy Aspects of the Draft Declaration of Commitment Fifth Summit of the Americas
Paul Isbell, Visiting Senior Fellow, Inter-American Dialogue

Quinto Cumbre de las Américas: Asegurar el futuro de nuestros ciudadanos promoviendo la prosperidad humana.  Las dimensiones de la seguridad humana para tal fin
Francisco Rojas Aravena, Lucia Dammert, John Rapley, Facultad Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO)

Ottawa, Canada
September 2008

Expanding Skills in the Hemisphere: A Proposal for a Partnership for Secondary Education
Nancy Birdsall, William Savedoff, Katherine Vyborny, and Ayah Mahgoub, Center for Global Development

Enhancing the Voice of the Caribbean in The Summit Process
Gordon Shirley, University of the West Indies

Fifth Summit Needs a Big Idea to Stay Relevant
Paul Haslam, University of Ottawa

More Growth with More Income Equality in the Americas:  Can Regional Cooperation Help?
Nancy Lee, Center for Global Development

Tema Seguridad
Francisco Rojas Aravena, Facultad Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO)

Environmental Sustainability in the Caribbean
Gordon Shirley, University of the West Indies, Mona


A View of the Hemisphere



Explore the link between governance and development.