Welcome to the FOCAL archive

The Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL) is no longer in operation. This website documents FOCAL's activities and accomplishments throughout its existence. Thank you for your interest in the work of FOCAL.

Labour Mobility: Selected Publications

Worker_in_field_by_Janet_McLaughlinGaining Perspective on Low-Skill Temporary Labour Migration in Canada
Policy Paper
August 2011
Jenna Hennebry




An agricultural worker prepares ears of corn for shipment.

Low-skill temporary work and non-access to permanent residence | FR | SP
Policy Brief
June 2011
Tatiana Gomez


Niagara_Grape_Harvest_JMcLaughlin_v2Vulnerabilities of female migrant farm workers from Latin America and the Caribbean in Canada | FR | SP
Policy Brief
April 2011
Evelyn Encalada Grez


Employment Insurance: How Canada Can Remain Competitive and Be Fair to Migrant Workers
Article appearing in Policy Options magazine
February 2010
Barbara MacLaren and Luc Lapointe

This article proposes a re-thinking of social benefits for migrant workers from both an ethical and economic perspective.


Janet_McLaughlin_IMG_9710_editedMigration and Health: Implications for Development: A Case Study of Mexican and Jamaican Migrants in Canada's Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program
Policy Paper
October 2009
Janet McLaughlin

Making a Case for Reform: Non-Access to Social Security Measures for Migrant Workers

Policy Paper 
October 2009 
Barbara MacLaren and Luc Lapointe


A View of the Hemisphere



Explore the link between governance and development.