Welcome to the FOCAL archive

The Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL) is no longer in operation. This website documents FOCAL's activities and accomplishments throughout its existence. Thank you for your interest in the work of FOCAL.

FOCAL POINT, Vol. 1, No. 5 - 
December 2002

Feature articles:

  • Between Coup and Chaos: Political Standoff in Venezuela, by Judy Meltzer
  • After Plan Colombia: Why Doesn’t Washington Learn From Failure in Colombia, by Adam Isacson
  • Free Trade Agreements Reinforce Customs Union in Central America, by Rigoberto Monge
  • A New Brazil? by Florencia Jubany
  • Concertación is Coming Apart in Chile, by Paul Haslam
  • Behind the Curtains of the Caribbean Summit, by Ana J. Faya

FOCAL POINT, Special Edition, No. 1 - December 2002
The State of the Hemisphere, 2002

FOCAL POINT, Vol. 1, No. 4 - 
November 2002

Feature articles:

  • Guatemala after the Peace Agreement: External Pressures and Internal Challenges, by Marco Fonseca
  • Venezuela: In Search of a Dialogue for Peace, by Margarita López Maya
  • Enabling the Voluntary Sector in Mexico? The Fox Administration and Civil Society, by John Foster and Laura Macdonald
  • Ecuador: Gutiérrez Wins, but Can He Last? by Bill Warden
  • An FTA for the Dominican Republic? by José Zaragoza
  • Canada Resumes Ministerial Visits with Cuba, by Cristina Warren

FOCAL POINT, Vol. 1, No. 3 - October 2002
Feature articles:

  • The Brazilian Elections, by Philippe Faucher
  • Brazil: Lula’s Challenge, by W.A. Dymond
  • A View from Colombia: Uribe’s Agenda, by Fernando Cepeda Ulloa
  • At Last, An Electoral Victory for Trinidad and Tobago, by José Zaragoza
  • Canadian Exporters Concerned About Increasing U.S. Sales to Cuba, by Ana J. Faya
  • Jamaica: The Elections Went Well, But…, by John W. Graham

FOCAL POINT, Vol. 1, No. 2 - 
September 2002

Feature articles:

  • The Problems that Elections Won’t Solve in Argentina, by Viviana Patroni
  • Trends in Military Expenditures in the Americas, by Donald R. Mackay
  • Canada-Costa Rica Free Trade Agreement, by Claudia Paguaga
  • Constitutional Reform in Chile, by Paul Haslam
  • Transformation of the Sugar Industry in Cuba, by Ana J. Faya

FOCAL POINT, Vol. 1, No. 1 - August 2002
Feature articles:

  • Bolivian Elections, by Donna Lee Van Cott
  • Chavez and Beyond, by John W. Graham
  • Politicking and Paralysis in Argentina, by Paul Haslam
  • Political Turmoil Continues for Toledo, by Judy Meltzer
  • Young Cubans Defect in Toronto, by Cristina Warren and Ana J. Faya

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