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The Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL) is no longer in operation. This website documents FOCAL's activities and accomplishments throughout its existence. Thank you for your interest in the work of FOCAL.

FOCALPoint July-August 2011
Vol. 10, No. 8

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FOCAL Views: Moving beyond peacekeeping

Canadians largely indifferent to Latin America and the Caribbean
Victor Armony and Jack Jedwab

Les frontières ouvertes de l'Amérique latine
Fernando A. Chinchilla

Open borders of Latin America
Fernando A. Chinchilla

Colombia: Wide-ranging threats to Indigenous Peoples and African-descendents
Maurice Bryan

L'humanitaire canadien dans les Amériques : à la recherche d'une identité
François Audet

Canada’s humanitarian aid in the Americas: Searching for an identity
François Audet


UNFPA report highlights need for more midwives

High food prices may benefit some, hurt others

One quarter of Latin American youth are at risk of criminality and violence


Who's the little guy?

FOCALPoint June 2011
Vol. 10, No. 7

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FOCAL Views: Temporary migration in support of development

Canada's highest court rules against farm workers
Kerry Preibisch

Canada’s growing temporary workforce: a worrying trend
Olivia Chow

Présence accrue de travailleurs étrangers au Québec
René Mantha

Foreign workers on the rise in Quebec
René Mantha

Those left behind: Impacts of migration on Guatemalan women
Christine Hughes

Réforme fédérale et maintien sous silence des travailleurs migrants victimes d’abus au Canada
Eugénie Depatie-Pelletier

Federal reforms and the silence of abused migrant workers in Canada
Eugénie Depatie-Pelletier

Una nueva era de migración temporal mexicana en Canadá
Ofelia Becerril Quintana

A new era of seasonal Mexican migration to Canada
Ofelia Becerril Quintana


Government to reintroduce human smuggling legislation

UN expert calls on Peru to take action against slavery

FOCAL launches new research tool to visualize migration


Sin palabras

FOCALPoint May 2011
Vol. 10, No. 6

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FOCAL Views: Building a foreign policy legacy

Mexicans in the United States labour market
Alejandro Álvarez Bejar

Los mexicanos en los mercados laborales de Estados Unidos
Alejandro Álvarez Bejar

The road to the Sixth Summit of the Americas
Lesley M. Burns

Diversity of voices and the right to information in Latin America
Damián Loreti and Luis Lozano

Diversidad de voces y derecho a la información en América latina
Damián Loreti and Luis Lozano

Peru: an impossible reconciliation?
Camille Boutron

Pérou, la réconciliation impossible ?
Camille Boutron


Crime and violence hinder development in Central America

Sharp increase in South American military expenditures

Day recognizes world fight against malaria


Peru Elections

FOCALPoint April 2011
Vol. 10, No. 5

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FOCAL Views: Seeking out energy security

Peru's general election: Volatile to the end
Fabiola Bazo and Maxwell A. Cameron

The Sixth Congress of the Communist Party of Cuba: Walking a fine line
Ana J. Faya

El VI Congreso del Partido Comunista de Cuba: Navegando entre dos aguas
Ana J. Faya

Cuba's economic agenda and prospects
Archibald Ritter

Political accountability in Brazil
Timothy J. Power and Matthew M. Taylor

Haiti in the face of forced evictions | FR
Amélie Gauthier

Haïti face aux évictions forcées
Amélie Gauthier

Bolivia: Autonomies in decline
Diego Ayo

Bolivia: Las autonomías en declive
Diego Ayo


FOCAL plays key role in dialogue on Haiti at IDB Annual Meeting

Caribbean tsunami testing points to system shortcomings

South America sympathetic to China's growth


America's backyard

FOCALPoint March 2011
Vol. 10, No. 4 

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FOCAL Views: Chipping away at democratic institutions

Testing Salvadoran democracy
Carlos A. Rosales

Karen Atala v. Chile en el sistema interamericano de derechos humanos
Macarena Sáez

Karen Atala versus Chile in the inter-American human rights system
Macarena Sáez

Guatemalan temporary workers in Canada
Federico Urruela

Le conflit Colombie-Venezuela : beaucoup de bruit pour rien?
Hugo Loiseau

The Colombia-Venezuela conflict: Much ado about nothing?
Hugo Loiseau

Derechos indígenas en Argentina
Maria Delia Bueno

Indigenous rights in Argentina
Maria Delia Bueno


Canada building trade ties with Honduras

LAC holds biggest loss for forest coverage


Venezuela and the OAS

FOCALPoint February 2011
Vol. 10, No. 3 

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FOCAL Views: A call for re-engagement in North America

Whither North America?
Robert A. Pastor

Public insecurity and the private sector in Mexico
David A. Robillard and Duncan Wood

El perímetro de seguridad norteamericano: ¿mesa para tres?
Victoria M. Osuna

North American security perimeter: Table for three?
Victoria M. Osuna

Mérida Initiative: Building a stronger security partnership
Brandi Lowell and Keith Mines

Energy and the environment in North America: Critical linkages
Jeffrey Schott and Meera Fickling

Assessing North American transborder environmental impacts
Rick Van Schoik

North American security: The missing agenda
Jorge Chabat

The Caribbean: The third U.S. border
Hilton A. McDavid


North American Meeting of Foreign Ministers sets continental priorities

Canada in violation of lumber agreement

Lower grades for world freedom


An article published in the November 2010 issue of FOCALPoint signed by Mayra Roffe and Annie Lapalme and entitled "Cheap labour: Seasonal agricultural workers in Québec" contained factual errors that have been corrected. The revised article is available here.

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