Welcome to the FOCAL archive

The Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL) is no longer in operation. This website documents FOCAL's activities and accomplishments throughout its existence. Thank you for your interest in the work of FOCAL.

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1 Arias Foundation for Peace and Human Progress
The Arias Foundation promotes dialogue and participatory decision-making as the best means of conflict resolution in Central America. It is a private, non-profit organization registered in Costa Rica.

2 Brazilian Centre for International Relations (CEBRI)
Based in Rio de Janeiro, CEBRI is an independent and multidisciplinary institution created with the objective of promoting research and debate on Brazilian foreign policy priorities and international relations in general.

3 Carter Centre
The Carter Center, in partnership with Emory University, is guided by a fundamental commitment to human rights and the alleviation of human suffering; it seeks to prevent and resolve conflicts, enhance freedom and democracy, and improve health.

4 Centre d'études et de Recherche sur le Brésil (CERB)
Lieu interdisciplinaire basé à l'Université du Québec à Montréal, le Centre d'études et de recherches sur le Brésil rassemble, diffuse et soutient l'ensemble des projets concernant le Brésil, tant dans les domaines scientifiques que culturels.

5 Centre for International Policy (CIP)
CIP's mission is to promote a U.S. foreign policy based on international cooperation, demilitarization and respect for human rights.

6 Centro Boliviano de Estudios Multidisciplinarios (CEBEM)
El Centro Boliviano de Estudios Multidisciplinarios (CEBEM) es una asociación sin fines de lucro que se dedica a la investigación multidisciplinaria y a la docencia a nivel de postgrado en el campo de las ciencias sociales.

7 Centro de Estudios para la Producción (CEP)
A research institute affiliated with Argentina's Secretariat of Industry, Commerce and Mining the CEP produces excellent analysis of the evolution of the Argentine economy, including trends in foreign direct investment.

8 Centro de Investigaciones Económicas (CINVE)
The Economic Research Centre (CINVE) is a private non-profit research institute established in 1975. Its objectives are to promote and carry out research on domestic and regional economic topics and to foster the development of economic science in Uruguay.

9 Centro de Investigaciones para la Tranformación (CENIT)
El Centro de Investigaciones para la Transformación (CENIT) es una fundación sin fines de lucro creada en abril de 1990 con la finalidad de contribuir al debate sobre las posibilidades y alternativas de transformación económica y social en la República Argentina.

10 Comunidad Andina
The Andean Community is a sub-regional organization made up of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela and the bodies and institutions comprising the Andean Integration System (AIS).

11 Consejo Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales
El Consejo Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales (CLACSO) es una institución internacional no-gubernamental, creada en 1967 y que mantiene relaciones formales de consulta con la UNESCO. En la actualidad nuclea un total de 270 centros de investigación y programas de docencia de grado y posgrado en ciencias sociales radicados en 25 países de América Latina y el Caribe, en Estados Unidos y en Europa.

12 Coordinadora Regional de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales (CRIES)
La Coordinadora Regional de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales (CRIES), fundada en Managua en 1982, es una red de centros de investigación, ONGs, asociaciones profesionales y fundaciones. CRIES promueve la investigación social y económica en los países de América Latina y el Caribe en base a la participación de la sociedad civil.

13 Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)
ECLAC, headquartered in Santiago, Chile, is one of five regional commissions of the United Nations. It was founded with the purpose of contributing to the economic development of Latin America, coordinating actions directed towards this end, and reinforcing economic ties among countries and with other nations of the world.

14 Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales Argentina (FLACSO)
FLACSO Argentina is part of the Latin American School of Social Sciences (FLACSO), a UNESCO initiative founded in 1957.

15 Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales Chile (FLACSO)
FLACSO Chile is part of the Latin American School of Social Sciences (FLACSO), a UNESCO initiative founded in 1957.

16 Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales Ecuador (FLACSO)
FLACSO Ecuador is part of the Latin American School of Social Sciences (FLACSO), a UNESCO initiative founded in 1957.

17 Fundacion Ideas para la Paz (FIP)
Fundacion Ideas para la Paz (FIP) was created out of the concern of a group of business leaders over the serious situation in Colombia and the community's limited awareness and understanding of the ongoing efforts to achieve a peace settlement in the country.

18 Human Rights Watch
Human Rights Watch is an independent, non-governmental organization dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world.

19 Institute on Governance (IOG)
Founded in 1990, the Institute On Governance (IOG) is an independent, Canada-based, not-for-profit public interest institution with its head office in Ottawa and an office in Toronto. Its mission is ‘advancing better governance in the public interest,’, including the sphere of Aboriginal governance, by exploring, developing and promoting the principles, standards and practices which underlie good governance in the public sphere, both in Canada and abroad.

20 Instituto de Pesquisa Economica Aplicada (IPEA)
The Institute for Applied Economic Research (IPEA) is a federal public foundation linked to Brazil's Strategic Affairs Secretariat of the Presidency. It provides technical and institutional support to government for the formulation and reformulation of public policies and development programs in Brazil.

21 Instituto Prensa y Sociedad (IPYS)
The Instituto Prensa y Sociedad (IPYS), based in Lima, Peru, fosters debate around the role of the media, monitors press freedom and access to information in Latin America and supports investigative journalism. IPYS manages extensive information on media in Latin America and acted as a central node in the Mapping the Media network with links to national maps in Guatemala, Argentina, Mexico, Peru and Canada. 

22 Instituto Venezolano de Estudios Sociales y Políticos (INVESP)
El INVESP es una asociación civil sin fines de lucro, cuyo propósito fundamental apunta a promover y desarrollar la investigación científica en el campo de las relaciones internacionales y de la ciencias sociales y políticas en general, con el fin de contribuir a la formalización e implementación de políticas a nivel nacional e internacional.

23 Inter-American Development Bank Research Department (IADB)
The IADB's Research Department generates new ideas to enrich the knowledge base that supports the policy agenda of the Bank and its member countries for achieving sustainable and equitable development in the region.

24 Inter-American Human Right Institute (IIDH)
IIDH promotes and strengthens the respect of human rights as established in the American Convention on Human Rights. It contributes to the consolidation of democracy en the American region through education, research, training, and technical assistance in human rights.

25 International Institute for Democracy & Electoral Assistance (IDEA)
IDEA is an intergovernmental organization that seeks to support sustainable democracy in both new and long-established democracies. It draws on comparative experience, analyzes democracy trends and assistance, and develops policy options, tools and guidelines relating to political participation, political parties, electoral systems and post-conflict democracy-building.

26 Latin American Network Information Center (LANIC)
LANIC's mission is to facilitate access to Internet-based information to, from, or on Latin America. Its target audience includes people living in Latin America, as well as those around the world who have an interest in this region.

27 Organization of Indigenous Peoples and Nations in Argentina (ONPIA)
ONPIA represents indigenous nations, peoples, and organizations, recovers territory, promotes self-determination through the reaffirmation of identity, protects the cultural heritage, as well as develops new projects in the communities.

28 Peru Economic and Social Research Consortium (CIES)
CIES seeks to strengthen Peru’s academic community in order to produce and disseminate useful knowledge for analysts and decision-makers in government, civil society and academia. Its mission is to contribute to Peru’s development by raising the level of debate on key options for economic and social policy.

29 Political Database of the Americas
The Political Database of the Americas (PDBA) is a non-governmental project that offers centralized and systematized information about institutions and political processes, national constitutions, branches of government, elections, political constitutional studies and other subjects related to the strengthening of democracy in the region. The information is presented in an objective and independent manner and offered free of charge.

30 Summit of the Americas Information Network
The Organization of American States website on the Summit of the Americas process, including follow-up and information leading up to the Sixth Summit of the Americas in Colombia.

31 Transparency International
Transparency International is the only international non-governmental organization devoted to combating corruption, brings civil society, business, and governments together in a powerful global coalition.

32 United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
The UN's Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues is an advisory body that examines indigenous issues within the specialization fields of the UN's Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).

33 United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
USAID supports long-term and equitable economic growth, global health; and, democracy, conflict prevention and humanitarian assistance working in partnership with a wide network of private, public and non-government stakeholders.

34 Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA)
The Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA) is a key resource and interlocutor for Latin American non-governmental organizations (NGOs) working for human rights and social justice. WOLA also plays an important role in fostering dialogue, debate, and policy-consensus among U.S. and Latin American NGOs with diverse perspectives that share the same goals.

35 World Bank Latin America and Caribbean Program
The World Bank is a source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. Its mission is to fight poverty for lasting results and to help people help themselves and their environment by providing resources, sharing knowledge, building capacity and forging partnerships in the public and private sectors.

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